ANALYSIS OF WATER QUALITY OF SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION SCHEME IN KWADON, YAMALTU-DEBA LGA OF GOMBE STATE
Keywords:Irrigation, Water Quality, Standard, Kwadon
This study assess the physio-chemical composition of different water sources available at Kwadon small-scale irrigation site and evaluate their suitability for irrigation purpose. Surface and groundwater samples were collected from stream and boreholes using 1.5 liters sterilized bottles and then analyzed for important physio-chemical quality parameters include pH, ECw, TDS, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, HCO-3, CI-, SO-4, NO3 – , K+, SAR and SSP following standard procedures. The quality rating for each parameters of water sources were rated for irrigation suitability following FAO standard guidelines. A very high positive correlation was established in the concentration level of water parameters sources from boreholes and stream. The findings of the study revealed that all the water sources were of good quality and found suitable for irrigation as must of the measured parameters were within the recommended FAO threshold level for irrigation. Thus, opportunities for scaling small-scale irrigation exist in the site. However, emphasize the need for proper application of the water and avoid activities such as washing of vehicles along the stream that could affect the quality of water.
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