Iron biofortification: a much-needed strategy for prevailing conditions of micronutrient malnutrition


  • Zain Mushtaq Department of Soil Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Anum Nazir Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The University of Faisalabad
  • Muhammad Tauseef Jaffar College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling



Micronutrient, malnutrition, biofortification, human health


Micronutrient-malnutrition is one of the most serious battle human beings are fighting. The so-called Hidden hunger is all because of micronutrient deficiencies. Iron deficiency anemia is affecting more people than any other prevailing disorder. However, iron-supplementation aggravate the infectious diseases and present policies of iron therapy carefully evaluate the pros and cons. In current review, we have evaluated the biofortification approaches for combating hidden hunger, in the light of medical and nutritional advancements. Enhancement of iron in edible plant parts is expected to improve nutrient status of human beings via crops. The density of minerals and vitamins in staple foods consumed by the poor can be raised using either traditional plant breeding or transgenic approaches, a process known as biofortification. Microbial iron biofortification is a valuable approach for human being especially in developing countries where poor people cannot afford to buy expensive supplementation. Moreover, prevailing condition of Covid-19 demands a fighting immune system and iron is likely to play vital role in improving human immune system.


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How to Cite

Mushtaq, Z., Nazir, A., & Jaffar, M. T. (2023). Iron biofortification: a much-needed strategy for prevailing conditions of micronutrient malnutrition. EQA - International Journal of Environmental Quality, 57(1), 24–28.