THE POTENTIAL OF γ-RAY SPECTROSCOPY FOR SOIL PROXIMAL SURVEY IN CLAYEY SOILS

Simone Priori, Nadia Bianconi, Maria Fantappiè, Sergio Pellegrini, Giuseppe Ferrigno, Fabio Guaitoli, Edoardo A.C. Costantini

Abstract


Gamma-ray spectroscopy surveys the intensity and distribution of γ-rays emitted from radionuclides of soils and bedrocks. The most important radionuclides of soils and rocks are: 40K, 232Th, 238U and 137Cs, the latter due to Chernobyl burst or radioactive pollution. Distribution and quantity of these radionuclides into the soil is strictly linked to parent material mineralogy and soil cation exchange capacity. The aim of this work is to show the makings of γ-ray spectroscopy proximal survey within experimental fields with clayey soils in western Sicily.The γ-ray spectrometer used for the fieldwork was “The Mole”, made by “The Soil Company”, “Medusa system” and the University of Groningen, from The Netherlands. During the survey of eight experimental fields, 55 soil samples were collected for laboratory analysis of particle size distribution, calcium carbonate, organic carbon and total nitrogen content. The results of the work showed the statistical correlations between soil features and γ-ray data. 


Keywords


soil proximal sensing; radiometry; soil mapping; carbon stock; precision agriculture

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


BEAMISH D. (2013) Gamma ray attenuation in the soils of Northern Ireland, with special reference to peat. J Environ Radioact 115:13-27.

BEVEN K.J., KIRKBY M.J. (1979) A physically based, variable contributing area model of basin hydrology. Hydrological Sciences Journal 24(1):43-69.

CARROLL T.R. (1981) Airborne soil moisture measurements using natural terrestrial gamma-radiation. Soil Sci., 132(5):358-366.

COOK S.E., CORNER R.J., GROVES P.R., GREALISH G.J. (1996). Use of airborne gamma radiometric data for soil mapping. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 34(1):183-194.

COSTANTINI E.A.C., DAZZI C. (2013). The soils of Italy. Springer, 600 pp.

DIERKE C., WERBAN U. (2013). Relationships between gamma-ray data and soil properties at an agricultural test site. Geoderma, 199: 90-98.

FANTAPPIÈ M., BOCCI M., PAOLANTI M., PERCIABOSCO M., RIVECCIO R., COSTANTINI E.A.C. (2010) Digital soil mapping of Sicily using G-oriented and CLORPT modelling. In: Book of Extended Abstracts of the 4th Global Workshop on Digital Soil Mapping, Rome, Italy 24-26 May 2010.

GRASTY R.L. (1975) Atmospheric absorption of 2.62 MeV gamma ray photons emitted from the ground. Geophysics, 40:1058-1065.

HENDRIKS P.H.G.M., LIMBURG J., DE MEIJER R.J. (2001) Full-spectrum analysis of natural γ-ray spectra. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 53(3):365-380.

HERRMANN L., SCHULER U., RANGUBPIT W., ERBE P., SURINKUM A., ZAREI M., STAHR K. (2010) The potential of gamma-ray spectrometry for soil mapping. Proceedings of 19th World Congress of Soil Science, 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia, published on DVD.

IAEA (2003) Guidelines for radioelement mapping using gamma ray spectrometry data, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.

Mi.P.A.F. (1997) Osservatorio nazionale pedologico e per la qualità del suolo: Metodi di analisi fisica del suolo; Franco Angeli editor, Milan, Italy.

Mi.P.A.F. (2000) Osservatorio nazionale pedologico e per la qualità del suolo: Metodi di analisi chimica del suolo; Franco Angeli editor, Milan, Italy.

PRACILIO G., ADAMS M.L., SMETTEM K.R.J., HARPER R.J. (2006) Determination of spatial distribution patterns of clay and plant available potassium contents in surface soils at the farm scale using high resolution gamma ray spectrometry. Plant and Soil, 282(1-2):67-82.

RAWLINS B.G., LARK R.M., WEBSTER R. (2007) Understanding airborne radiometric survey signals across part of eastern England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32(10):1503-1515.

VAN DER KLOOSTER E., VAN EGMOND F.M., SONNEVELD M.P.W. (2011) Mapping soil clay contents in Dutch marine districts using gamma-ray spectrometry. European journal of Soil Science, 62(5):743-753.

VAN EGMOND, F.M. LOONSTRA, E.H., LIMBURG J. (2010) Gamma ray sensor for topsoil mapping: The Mole. In: Proximal Soil Sensing, Progress in Soil Science, Springer, Vol.1, 323-332.

VISCARRA ROSSEL R.A., TAYLOR H.J., MCBRATNEY A.B. (2007) Multivariate calibration of hyperspectral γ-ray energy spectra for proximal soil sensing. European Journal of Soil Science, 58(1):343-353.

WEDEPOHL K.H. (1969) Handbook of Geochemistry, Vol. 2, part 5. Elements La (57) to U (92). Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg; New York.

WONG M.T.F., HARPER R.J. (1999) Use of on-ground gamma-ray spectrometry to measure plant-available potassium and other topsoil attributes. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 37(2):267-277.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/4086

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2013 Simone Priori, Nadia Bianconi, Maria Fantappiè, Sergio Pellegrini, Giuseppe Ferrigno, Fabio Guaitoli, Edoardo A.C. Costantini

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License

Online ISSN 2281-4485

The journal is hosted and mantained by ABIS-AlmaDL. [privacy]