AN OPERATING MODEL FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT APPLIED TO ITALIAN SITES OF COMMUNITY IMPORTANCE: IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON SOIL

Valentina Rastelli, Anna Benedetti, Loredana Canfora, Valeria Giovannelli, Giovanni Staiano, Paola Vinesi, Matteo Lener

Abstract


The fast development of agro-biotechnologies asks for a harmonized approach in risk analysis of GMOs releases. An Italian experts group has elaborated an operating model for the environmental risk assessment (OMERA) based on the assumption that the occurring of a risk is related to the presence of four components: source, diffusion factors, dispersal routes, receptors. This model has been further developed to become a Decision Supporting System based on Fuzzy logic (FDSS) to assessors and notifiers. It is a web based Questionnaire that conducts the user through a decision tree from the source to the receptors and leads to the identification and assessment of the risks. The FDSS has been tested on case studies, simulating, as source, herbicide tolerant oilseed rape and insect resistant maize. The resulting identified potential effects on soil are changes to structure and microbial diversity.


Keywords


environment; risk assessment; environmental effects; GMO; plants; soil; genetically modified; oilseed rape; maize; Italy

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References


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DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/4173

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Copyright (c) 2013 Valentina Rastelli, Anna Benedetti, Loredana Canfora, Valeria Giovannelli, Giovanni Staiano, Paola Vinesi, Matteo Lener

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