ASSESSING THE ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT BY HEALTH SOIL CARD

Geanina Bireescu, Neculai Munteanu, Vasile Stoleru, Liliana Avasilcăi, Lazăr Bireescu

Abstract


Deterioration of soil health due to the current intensive agricultural practices for increasing the level of food production, in terms of both quality and quantity, should be a concern of major interest to the health of plants, animals, humans and environment. Soil health is the net result of the processes of preservation and degradation, depending on the biological component of soil ecosystem that affects plant and environmental health, food safety and quality. This research aimed to assess the main physical, chemical and biological indicators of soil health and the indicators of soil residual pollution in the intensive olericultural systems in transition to organic systems for ensuring a sustainable management. Our research was carried out in conventional olecultural systems of North-Eastern Romania in conversion to organic systems.The conversion intoorganic systems has reduced the effects of intensive practices, creating the premises for an optimal biological activity and production of healthier vegetables.


Keywords


olericultural systems; anthropogenic impact; Health Soil Card

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


ALLEN D.E., SINGH B.P., DALAL R.C. (2011) Soil Health Indicators, Soil Health and Climate Change: A Review of Current Knowledge. In: B.P. Singh et al. (eds.), Soil Health and Climate Change, Soil Biol. 29, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-20256-8_2, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

ARSHAD M.A., MARTIN S. (2002) Identifying critical limits for soil quality indicators in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 88:153–160.

BIREESCU L., BIREESCU G., CONSTANDACHE C., SELLITTO M.V., DUMITRU M., ANTON I. (2010) Ecopedological research for Ecological Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands from Eatern Romania. Soil and Water Research 5:96-101.

BIREESCU G., AILINCĂI C., RĂUŞ L., BIREESCU L. (2010) Studding the Impacts of Technological Measures on the Biological Activity of Pluvial Eroded Soils. In: P. Zdruli, M. Pagliai, S. Kapur, A. Faz Cano (Editors). Land Degradation and Desertification. Assessment, Mitigation and Remediation. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York, ISBN 978-90-481-8656-3; e-ISBN 978-90-481-8657-0; ISBN 978-90-481-8656-3; DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-8657-0; 529-545.

DORAN J.W. (2002) Soil health and global sustainability: translating science into practice. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 88:119-127.

ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (2002) Agriculture and natural resources: benefits, costs and potential solutions. Bristol, UK: Environment Agency.

EUROPEAN COMISSION (2005) The common agricultural policy 2003 review. Luxembourg, Europe: European Communities.

FLOREA N., BĂLĂCEANU V., RĂUŢĂ C., CANARACHE A. (1987) The Methodology of the Elaboration of Pedological Studies. Ecopedological Indicators. Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Bucharest. (in Romanian)

HALVORSON J.J., SMITH J.L., PAPENDICK R.I. (1997) Issues of scale for evaluating soil quality. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 1-2:26-30.

HUBER S., SYED B., FREUDENSCHUSS A., ERNSTSEN V., LOVELAND P. (2001) Proposal for an European soil monitoring and assessment framework. Technical report no. 61, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark.

KIBBLEWHITE M.G., RITZ K., SWIFT M.J. (2008) Soil health in agricultural systems. Phil. Trans.R. Soc. B (2008) 363:685–701 DOI:10.1098/rstb.2007.2178.

KNOEPP J.D., COLEMAN D.C., CROSSLEY D., ACLARK J.S. (2000) Biological indices of soil: an ecosystem case study of their use. Forest Ecology and Management, 138:357-368.

LARSON W.E., PIERCE F.J. (1994) The dynamics of soil quality as a measure of sustainable management. In: Doran, J.W. et al. (eds.). Defining soil quality for sustainable environment. SSSA Special Publication No. 35. Madison, Wisconsin: Soil Science Society of America, Inc. and American Society of Agronomy, Inc. 37–51.

MARTINEZ-SALGADO M.M., GUTIÉRREZ-ROMERO V., JANNSENS M., ORTEGA-BLU R. (2010). Biological soil quality indicators: A review. In: Current Research, Technology and Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, Mendez-Vilas A (Editor.), Formatex.

PALOJÄRVI A., NUUTINEN V. (2002) The soil quality concept and its importance in the study of Finnish arable soils. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 11:329–342.

USDA (1999) Soil quality test kit guide. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and Natural Resources Conservation Centre. Available at: http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/kit2.html.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/4542

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Geanina Bireescu, Neculai Munteanu, Vasile Stoleru, Liliana Avasilcăi, Lazăr Bireescu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License

Online ISSN 2281-4485

The journal is hosted and mantained by ABIS-AlmaDL. [privacy]