Th, U, REE BACKGROUNDS AND PHYTOAVAILABILITY IN SOILS OF THE PADANIAN PLAIN (NORTHERN ITALY)

Dario Di Giuseppe, Gianluca Bianchini, Barbara Faccini, Massimo Coltorti, Alessandra Giurdanella

Abstract


In this contribution we present ICP-MS analyses carried out on agricultural soils from the eastern-most part of the Padanian plain (Ferrara Province) and on the related crop products. The aim is to provide, for the first time, backgrounds for some trace elements such as rare earth elements (REE), thorium (Th), uranium (U) and to understand the related phytoavailability. In particular, detailed analyses have been done on Sorghum Vulgare plants, analyzing distinct plant parts in different vegetative periods. Results indicate that a) REE concentration in plant tissues is always lower than in the related soils, precluding the occurrence of bioaccumulation and b) no preferential elemental uptake and REE fractionation. In this light, the observed soil/plant relationships could be used in the definition of markers of territoriality (provenance fingerprint) for agricultural products.


Keywords


REE; Th; U; backgrounds; soil-plant elements relationships

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


AMOROSI A., PAVESI M., RICCI LUCCHI M., SARTI G., PICCIN A. (2008) Climatic signature of cyclic fluvial architecture from the Quaternary of the central Po Plain, Italy. Sediment Geol, 209:58-68.

AMOROSI A. (2012) Chromium and nickel as indicators of source-to-sink sediment transfer in a Holocene alluvial and coastal system (Po Plain, Italy). Sedimentary Geology, 280: 260-269.

BAU M., DULSKI P. (1996) Anthropogenic origin of positive gadolinium anomalies in river waters Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 143:245-255.

BIANCHINI G., MARROCCHINO E., VACCARO C. (2004) Chemical and mineralogical characterisation of historic mortars in Ferrrara (NE Italy). Cement Concr Res, 34:1471-1475.

BIANCHINI G., NATALI C., DI GIUSEPPE D., BECCALUVA L. (2012) Heavy metals in soils and sedimentary deposits of the Padanian Plain (Ferrara, Northern Italy): characterisation and biomonitoring. J Soils Sediments, 12:1145-1153.

BIANCHINI G., CREMONINI S., DI GIUSEPPE D., VIANELLO G., VITTORI ANTISARI L. (2014) Multiproxy investigation of a Holocene sedimentary sequence near Ferrara (Italy): Clues on the physiographic evolution of the eastern Padanian Plain. J Soils Sediments, 14: 230- 242.

BITELLI G., CREMONINI S., GATTA G. (2014) Cartographic heritage: Toward unconventional methods for quantitative analysis of pre-geodetic maps. J Cult Herit, 15:183-195.

BONDESAN M., FAVERO V., VIÑALS M.J. (1995) New evidence on the evolution of the Po Delta coastal plain during the Holocene. Quat Int, 29/30: 105-110.

BONINI L., TOSCANI G., SENO S. (2014) Three-dimensional segmentation and different rupture behavior during the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence (Northern Italy). Tectonophysics, 630:33-42.

DI GIUSEPPE D., FACCINI B., MASTROCICCO M., COLOMBANI N. COLTORTI M., FERRETTI G. (2013). Geochemical assessment of the unconfined aquifer in a recently reclaimed wetland area: a case study from the Po River Delta. EQA, 10:37-49.

DI GIUSEPPE D., BIANCHINI G., FACCINI B., COLTORTI M. (2014a) Combination of wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis and multivariate statistic for alluvial soils classification: a case study from the Padanian Plain (Northern Italy). X-Ray Spectrom., 43:165-174

DI GIUSEPPE D., BIANCHINI G., VITTORI ANTISARI L., MARTUCCI A., NATALI C., BECCALUVA L. (2014b). Geochemical characterization and biomonitoring of reclaimed soils in the Po River Delta (Northern Italy): implications for the agricultural activities. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, Environ Monit Assess., 186:2925-2940.

DI GIUSEPPE D., VITTORI ANTISARI L., FERRONATO C., BIANCHINI G. (2014c) New insights on mobility and bioavailability of heavy metals in soils of the Padanian alluvial plain (Ferrara Province, northern Italy). Chemie der Erde, Geochemistry, 74:615-623

FRAZIER S.W., KRETZSCHMAR R., KRAEMER S.M. (2005) Bacterial siderophores promote dissolution of UO2 under reducing conditions. Environ. Sci. Technol, 39:5709-5715.

GROMET L.P., DYMEK R.F., HASKIN L.A., KOROTEV R.L. (1984) The “North American shale composite”: its compilation, major and trace element characteristics. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 48:2469-2482.

KABATA-PENDIAS A. (2011) Trace elements in soil and plants, 3rd edn. CRC, Boca Raton, pp. 365.

KULAKSIZ S., BAU M. (2007) Contrasting behaviour of anthropogenic gadolinium and natural rare earth elements in estuaries and the gadolinium input into the North Sea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 260:361-371.

MARCHETTI M. (2002) Environmental changes in the central Po Plain (northern Italy) due to fluvial modifications and anthropogenic activities. Geomorphology, 44:361-373.

OGATA T., TERAKADO Y. (2006) Rare earth element bundances in some seawaters and related river waters from the Osaka Bay area, Japan: Significance of nthropogenic Gd. Geochemical Journal, 40: 463- 474.

RAVAZZI C., MARCHETTI M., ZANON M., PEREGO R., QUIRINO T., DEADDIS M., DE AMICIS M., MARGARITORA D. (2013) Lake evolution and landscape history in the lower Mincio River valley, unravelling drainage changes in the central Po Plain (N-Italy) since the Bronze Age. Quat. Int., 88:195-205

ROLLINSON H.R. (1993) Using Geochemical Data: Evaluation, Presentation, Interpretation. 352pp., New York (Longman).

SIMEONI U., CORBAU C. (2009) A review of the Delta Po evolution (Italy) related to climatic changes and human impacts. Geomorphology, 107:64-71.

STEFANI M., VINCENZI S. (2005) The interplay of eustasy, climate and human activity in the late Quaternary depositional evolution and sedimentary architecture of the Po Delta system. Mar Geol, 222-223:19-48.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/4678

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Dario Di Giuseppe, Gianluca Bianchini, Barbara Faccini, Massimo Coltorti, Alessandra Giurdanella

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.