ECOLOGICAL PERFORMANCES OF PLANT SPECIES OF HALOPHILOUS HYDROMORPHIC ECOSYSTEMS

Maria Speranza, Matteo D'Arco, Lucia Ferroni

Abstract


Coastal wetlands are very special environments, characterized by soils permanently or seasonally saturated by salt or brackish water. They host microorganisms and plants able to adapt to anoxic conditions. This paper proposes a review of recent scientific papers dealing with the study of coastal wetlands from different points of view. Some studies examine the species composition and the pattern of the spatial distribution of plant communities, depending on the depth of the salt water table, as well as on other related factors. A significant number of studies analyse instead the coastal wetlands in their ability for the phytoremediation (phytostabilisation and/or phytoextraction) and highlight the importance of interactions between the rhizosphere of the halophytes and the physical environment. Finally, more recent studies consider the plant species of the coastal wetlands as a source of useful products (food, feed, oils) and expose the results of promising researches on their cultivation.


Keywords


coastal wetlands; halophytes; heavy metals; phytoremediation; halophyte cultivation

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


AKHANI H. (2008) Taxonomic revision of the genus Salicornia L. (Chenopodiaceae) in Central and Southern Iran. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(4): 1635-1655.

ALMEIDA C.M.R., MUCHA A.P., VASCONCELOS M.T. (2006) Comparison of the role of the sea club-rush Scirpus maritimus and the sea rush Juncus maritimus in terms of concentration, speciation and bioaccumulation of metals in the estuarine sediment. Environmental Pollution, 142: 151-159.

ALMEIDA C.M.R., MUCHA A.P., VASCONCELOS M.T. (2011) Role of different salt marsh plants on metal retention in an urban estuary (Lima estuary, NW Portugal). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 91: 243-249.

BUHMANN A., PAPENBROCK J. (2013) Biofiltering of aquaculture effluents by halophytic plants: basic principles, current uses and future perspectives. Environmental and Experimental Botany 92: 122– 133.

BURKE, D.J., WEIS, J.S., WEIS, P. (2000) Release of metals by the leaves of the salt marsh grasses Spartina alterniflora and Phragmites australis. Estuarine, Coastal Shelf Science 51:153-159.

CAÇADOR I., VALE C., CATARINO F., (1996) Accumulation of Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr and Ni in sediments between the roots of the Tagus estuary salt marshes, Portugal. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences 42:393–403.

CAÇADOR I., CAETANO M., DUARTE B., VALE C. (2009) Stock and losses of trace metals from salt marsh plants. Marine Environmental Research 67:75–82.

CAZZIN M., GHIRELLI L., MION D., SCARTON F. (2009) Completamento della cartografia della vegetazione e degli habitat della laguna di Venezia: anni 2005-2007. Lavori della Società Veneta di Scienze Naturali 34:81-89.

CERVANTES A.M., CONESA H.M., GONZÁLEZ-ALCARAZ M.N., ÁLVAREZ-ROGEL J. (2010) Rhizosphere and flooding regime as key factors for the mobilisation of arsenic and potentially harmful metals in basic, mining-polluted salt marsh soils. Applied Geochemistry 25:1722–1733.

COVELLI S., FAGANELI J., DE VITTOR C., PREDONZANI S., ACQUAVITA A., HORVAT M. (2008) Benthic fluxes of mercury species in a lagoon environment (Grado lagoon, Northern Adriatic Sea, Italy). Applied Geochemistry 22(3):529-546.

DAVY A.J., BROWN M.J.H., MOSSMAN H.L., GRANT A. (2011) Colonization of a newly developing salt marsh: disentangling independent effects of elevation and redox potential on halophytes. Journal of Ecology 99:1350–1357.

DAY J.W., CHRISTIAN R.R., BOESCH D.M., ARANCIBIA A.Y., MORRIS J., TWILLEY R.R., NAYLOR L., SCHAFFNER L., STEVENSON C. (2008) Consequences of climate change on the ecogeomorphology of coastal wetlands. Estuaries and Coasts 31: 477–491.

DAY J., IBÁÑEZ C., SCARTON F., PONT D., HENSEL P., DAY J., LANE R. (2011) Sustainability of Mediterranean Deltaic and Lagoon Wetlands with Sea-Level Rise: The Importance of River Input. Estuaries and Coasts 34:483–493.

DE GROOT R., STUIP M., FINLAYSON M., DAVIDSON N. (2006) Valuing wetlands: guidance for valuing the benefits derived from wetland ecosystem service. Ramsar Technical Report n.3, CBD Technical Series n. 27. Ramsar Convention Secretariat - Gand, Switzerland.

DOYLE, M.O., OTTE, M.L. (1997) Organism-induced accumulation of Fe, Zn and As in wetland soils. Environmental Pollution 96 (1):1–11.

DUARTE B., CAETANO M., ALMEIDA P.R., VALE C., CAÇADOR I. (2010) Accumulation and biological cycling of heavy metal in four salt marsh species, from Tagus estuary (Portugal). Environmental Pollution 158:1661–1668.

DU LAING G., RINKLEBE J., VANDECASTEELE B., MEERS E., TACK F.M.G. (2009) Trace metal behaviour in estuarine and riverine floodplain soils and sediments: a review. Science of the Total Environment 407(13):3972-3985.

EEA (2010) The European Environment – State and Outlook 2010. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

ENGLONER A. I. (2009) Structure, growth dynamics and biomass of reed (Phragmites australis) –A review. Flora 204:331–346.

FITZGERALD E.J., CAFFREY J.M., NESARATNAM S.T. MCLOUGHLIN P. (2003) Copper and Pb concentrations in salt marsh plants on the Suir Estuary. Ireland. Environmental Pollution 123:67-74.

FRENCH P.W. (2006) Managed realignment – The developing story of a comparatively new approach to soft engineering. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 67:409–423.

FERRARI C., GERDOL R., PICCOLI F. (1985) The halophilous vegetation of the Po Delta (Northern Italy). Vegetatio 61:5-14.

GHIRELLI L., SCARTON F., MION D., CAVALLI I., CAZZIN M. (2007) Cartografia della vegetazione emersa (barene e canneti) della Laguna di Venezia: Prima Fase. Lavori Società Veneta Scienze Naturali 32:7-14.

GLENN E.P., MIYAMOTO S., MOORE D., BROWN J.J., THOMPSON T.L., BROWN P. (1997) Water requirements for cultivating Salicornia bigelovii Torr. with seawater on sand in a coastal desert environment. Journal of Arid Environments 36:711–730.

GLENN E.P., ANDAYA T., CHATURVEDIB R., MARTINEZ-GARCIA R., PEARLSTEINA S., SOLIZ D., NELSONA S.G., FELGER R.S. (2013) Three halophytes for saline-water agriculture: an oilseed, a forage and a grain crop. Environmental and Experimental Botany 92:110– 121.

HOLLAENDER A. ed. (1979) The Biosaline Concept - An approach to the utilization of underexploited resources. Series: Environmental Science Research, vol. 14, Springer.

KADEREIT G.P., BALL P., BEER S., MUCINA L., SOKOLOFF D., TEEGE P., YAPRAK A.E., FREITAG H. (2007) A taxonomic nightmare comes true: phylogeny and biogeography of glasswort (Salicornia L., Chenopodiaceae). Taxon 56:1143-1170.

KADEREIT G, PIIRAIEN M, LAMBINON J, VANDERPOORTEN A. (2012) Cryptic taxa should have names: reflections in the glasswort genus Salicornia (Amaranthaceae). Taxon 61:1227–1239.

LANG F., VON DER LIPPE M., SCHIMPEL S., SCOZZAFAVA-JAEGER T., STRAUB W. (2010) Topsoil morphology indicates bio-effective redox conditions in Venice salt marshes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 87:11–20.

MAPELLI F., MARASCO R., ROLLI E., BARBATO M., CHERIF H., GUESMI A., OUZARI I., DAFFONCHIO D., BORIN S. (2013) Potential for plant growth promotion of rhizobacteria associated with Salicornia growing in Tunisian hypersaline soils. Hindawi Publishing Corporation BioMed Research International, Article ID 248078, 13 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/248078

MION D., GHIRELLI L., CAZZIN M., CAVALLI I., SCARTON F. (2010) Vegetazione alofila in laguna di Venezia: dinamiche a breve e medio termine. Lavori della Società Veneta di Scienze Naturali 35:57-70.

MARQUES B., LILLEBØ A.I., PEREIRA E., DUARTE A.C. (2011) Mercury cycling and sequestration in salt marshes sediments: An ecosystem service provided by Juncus maritimus and Scirpus maritimus. Environmental Pollution 159:1869-1876.

MOSSMAN H.L., BROWN M.J.H., DAVY A.J., GRANT A. (2012) Constraints on salt marsh development following managed coastal realignment: dispersal limitation or environmental tolerances? Restoration Ecology, 20:65-75.

MIYAMOTO S., GLENN E.P., OLSEN M.W. (1996) Growth, water use and salt uptake of four halophytes irrigated with highly saline water. Journal of Arid Environments 32:141–159.

MUKHERJEE A.B. (2001) Behavior of heavy metals and their remediation in metalliferous soils. In: Prasad M.N.V. (ed.), Metals in the Environment, Analysis by Biodiversity. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 433-471.

NASER A. A., IQBAL A., VÁLEGA M., PACHECO M., FIGUEIRA E., DUARTE A.C., PEREIRA E. (2012) Salt marsh macrophyte Phragmites australis strategies assessment for its dominance in mercury-contaminated coastal lagoon (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal). Environmental Science Pollution Research 19:2879–2888.

OTERO X.L., MACIAS F. (2002) Variation with depth and season in metal sulfides in salt marsh soils. Biogeochemistry 61(3):247–268.

OTTE M.L., BESTERBROER S.J., VAN DER LINDEN J.M., ROZEMA J., BROEKMAN R.A. (1991) A survey of Zn, Cu and Cd concentrations in salt marsh plants along the Dutch coast. Environmental Pollution 72:175-189.

PAVAN F., BRESCHIGLIARO S., BORIN M. (2015) Screening of 18 species for digestate phytodepuration. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22(4):2455-2466

PELLIZZARI M., MERLONI N., PICCOLI F. (1998) Vegetazione alonitrofila perenne nel Parco del Delta del Po (Ord. Juncetalia maritimi, All. Elytrigio athericae-Artemision coerulescentis). Colloques Phytosociologiques 28:1085-1096.

PEREIRA P., CAÇADOR I., VALE C., CAETANO M., COSTA A. (2007) Decomposition of belowground litter and metal dynamics in salt marshes (Tagus Estuary, Portugal). Science of the Total Environment 380:93–101.

PICCOLI F., DELL’AQUILA L., PELLIZZARI M., CORTICELLI S. (1999) Carta della Vegetazione 1:35000 del Parco Regionale del Delta del Po, Stazione Volano-Mesola-Goro. Regione Emilia Romagna, Servizio Cartografico e Geologico

PICCOLI F., MERLONI N., CORTICELLI S. (1999a) Carta della Vegetazione 1:25000 del Parco Regionale del Delta del Po, Stazione Pineta di San Vitale e Piallasse di Ravenna. Regione Emilia Romagna, Servizio Cartografico e Geologico.

PICCOLI F., MERLONI N., CORTICELLI S. (1999b) Carta della Vegetazione 1:25000 del Parco Regionale del Delta del Po, Stazione Pineta di Classe e Saline di Cervia. Regione Emilia Romagna, Servizio Cartografico e Geologico.

PICCOLI F., MERLONI N., PELLIZZARI M. (1994) The vegetation of the Comacchio Saltern (Northern Adriatic coast, Italy). Ecologia Mediterranea 20:85-94.

PIGNATTI S. (1952-1953) Introduzione allo studio fitosociologico della pianura veneta orientale con particolare riguardo alla vegetazione litoranea. Archivio Botanico 28(4): 265-329; 29(1):1-25; 29(2): 65-98; 29(3): 129-174.

PIGNATTI S. (1959) Ricerche sull’ecologia e sul popolamento delle dune del litorale di Venezia. Il popolamento vegetale. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia 12:61-141.

PIGNATTI S. (1966) La vegetazione alofila della Laguna Veneta. Memorie dell’Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti 33(1):1-174.

POLDINI L., VIDALI M., FABIANI M.L. (1999) La vegetazione del litorale sedimentario del Friuli-Venezia Giulia (NE Italia) con riferimenti alla regione alto adriatica. Studia Geobotanica17:3-68.

REBOREDA R., CAÇADOR I. (2007a) Copper, zinc and lead speciation in salt marsh sediments colonised by Halimione portulacoides and Spartina maritima. Chemosphere 69: 1655–1661.

REBOREDA R., CAÇADOR I. (2007b) Halophyte vegetation influences in salt marsh retention capacity for heavy metals. Environmental Pollution 146:147-154.

SHPIGEL M., BEN-EZRA D., SHAULI L., SAGI M., VENTURA Y., SAMOCHA T., LEE J.J. (2013) Constructed wetland with Salicornia as a biofilter for mariculture effluents. Aquaculture 412-413:52-63.

SILVESTRI S., DEFINA A., MARANI, M. (2005) Tidal regime, salinity and salt marsh plant zonation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62:119–130.

SILVESTRI S., MARANI M. (2004) Salt-marsh vegetation and morphology: basic physiology, modelling and remote sensing observations. In: Fagherazzi S., Blum L., Marani M. (eds.), Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Marshes. American Geophysical Union, Coastal and Estuarine Monograph Series, pp. 1-21.

SINGH D., BUHMANN A.K., FLOWERS T.J., SEAL C.E., PAPENBROCK J. (2014) Salicornia as a crop plant in temperate regions: selection of genetically characterized ecotypes and optimization of their cultivation conditions. AoB PLANTS 6: plu071; doi:10.1093/aobpla/plu071.

SPENCER K.L., HARVEY G.L. (2012) Understanding system disturbance and ecosystem services in restored saltmarshes: integrating physical and biogeochemical processes. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 106:23–32.

SWINGLE R.S., GLENN E.P., SQUIRES V.R. (1996) Growth performance of lambs fed mixed diets containing halophyte ingredients. Animal Feed Science and Technology 63:137–148.

TACK F.M.G., Vandecasteele B. (2008) Cycling and ecosystem impact of metals in contaminated calcareous dredged sediment-derived soils (Flanders, Belgium). Science of the Total Environment 400:283–9.

TEMMERMAN S., KIRWAN M.L. (2015) Building land with a rising sea. Science 349:588-589.

TEUCHIES J., JACOBS S., OOSTERLEE L., BERVOETS L., MEIRE P. (2013) Role of plants in metal cycling in a tidal wetland: Implications for phytoremidiation. Science of the Total Environment 445–446:146–154.

TORRESAN S., CRITTO A., RIZZI J., MARCOMINI A. (2012) Assessment of coastal vulnerability to climate change hazards at the regional scale: the case study of the North Adriatic Sea. Natural Hazard and Earth System Sciences 12:2347-2368.

ULLAH S., BANO A. (2015) Isolation of plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria from rhizospheric soil of halophytes and their impact on maize (Zea mays L.) under induced soil salinity. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 61(4): 307-313.

URSINO N., SILVESTRI S., MARANI M. (2004) Subsurface flow and vegetation patterns in tidal environments, Water Resources Research 40(5), DOI W05115, 10.1029/ 2003 WR 002702.

USA Environment Protection Agency Regulation listed at 40 CFR 230.3(t). Retrieved 2014-02-18.

VENTURA Y, SAGI M. (2013) Halophyte crop cultivation: The case for Salicornia and Sarcocornia. Environmental and Experimental Botany 92:144-153

VENTURA Y., WUDDINEH W.A., EPHRATH Y., SHPIGEL M., SAGI M. (2010) Molybdenum as an essential element for improving total yield in seawater-grown Salicornia europaea (L.). Scientia Horticulturae 126:395–401.

VENTURA Y., WUDDINEH W.A., MYRZABAYEVA M., ALIKULOV Z., KHOZIN-GOLDBERG I., SHPIGEL M., SAMOCHA T.M., SAGI M. (2011a) Effect of seawater concentration on the productivity and nutritional value of annual Salicornia and perennial Sarcocornia halophytes as leafy vegetable crops. Scientia Horticulturae 128:189–196.

VENTURA Y., WUDDINEH W.A., SHPIGEL M., SAMOCHA T.M., KLIM B.C., COHEN S., SHEMER Z., SANTOS R., SAGI M. (2011b) Effects of day length on flowering and yield production of Salicornia and Sarcocornia species. Scientia Horticulturae 130:510-516.

VYMAZAL J. (2011) Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: five decades of experience. Environmental Science & Technology 45: 61–69

WEIS J.S., WEIS P. (2004) Metal uptake, transport and release by wetland plants: implication for phytoremediation and restoration. Environment International 30(5): 685-700.

WEIS P.,WINDHAM L., BURKE D.J., WEIS J.S. (2002) Release into the environment metals by two vascular salt marsh plants. Marine Environmental Research 54:325-329.

WINDHAM L., WEIS J.S., WEIS P. (2003) Uptake and distribution of metals in two dominant salt marsh macrophytes, Spartina alterniflora (cordgrass) and Phragmites australis (common reed). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 56:63-72.

ZERAI D.B., GLENN E.P., CHATERVEDI R., LU Z., MAMOOD A.N., NELSON S.G., DAY D.T. (2010) Potential for the improvement of Salicornia bigelovii through selective breeding. Ecological Engineering 36:730–739.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/6004

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Maria Speranza, Matteo D'Arco, Lucia Ferroni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License

Online ISSN 2281-4485

The journal is hosted and mantained by ABIS-AlmaDL. [privacy]