• Maria Speranza University of Bologna
  • Matteo D'Arco University of Bologna
  • Lucia Ferroni University of Bologna



coastal wetlands, halophytes, heavy metals, phytoremediation, halophyte cultivation


Coastal wetlands are very special environments, characterized by soils permanently or seasonally saturated by salt or brackish water. They host microorganisms and plants able to adapt to anoxic conditions. This paper proposes a review of recent scientific papers dealing with the study of coastal wetlands from different points of view. Some studies examine the species composition and the pattern of the spatial distribution of plant communities, depending on the depth of the salt water table, as well as on other related factors. A significant number of studies analyse instead the coastal wetlands in their ability for the phytoremediation (phytostabilisation and/or phytoextraction) and highlight the importance of interactions between the rhizosphere of the halophytes and the physical environment. Finally, more recent studies consider the plant species of the coastal wetlands as a source of useful products (food, feed, oils) and expose the results of promising researches on their cultivation.


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How to Cite

Speranza, M., D’Arco, M., & Ferroni, L. (2015). ECOLOGICAL PERFORMANCES OF PLANT SPECIES OF HALOPHILOUS HYDROMORPHIC ECOSYSTEMS. EQA - International Journal of Environmental Quality, 19(1), 55–70.