Enhancing the Sustainability of Water Resources in the Arid Region of Jordan

Zeyad S. Tarawneh

Abstract


This study presents simple computational models to estimate the return period and the number of wet events that could emerge during the operation period of surface water resources. While the majority of previous studies indicated the ability of tree-ring reconstructions to characterize dry periods, this study has used tree-ring reconstructed precipitation for Madaba, began in 1743, to thoroughly detect the occurrence of wet periods in the arid region of Jordan. The analysis of the 71 years of historical precipitation indicated the occurrence of wet periods ranging between 1 to 4 years. The magnitude of the largest observed wet period was 454mm of rainfall. The analysis of the 239 years of reconstructed precipitation indicated the occurrence of long wet periods, i.e. 7 years event, of 551mm total magnitude that is 20% larger than the magnitude observed after the analysis of historical precipitation.


Keywords


arid region; Jordan precipitation; water resources; wet period estimation

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References


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DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/6350

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