Changes In Several Soil Chemical Properties Following Amendment With Olive Mill Waste Water Sludge

Raja Dakhli

Abstract


 

Abstract               Olive oil extraction produces large amounts of waste water, known as olive mill waste water (OMWW). This sludge has a high chemical oxygen demand and contains high level of phenolic compounds and is therefore a cause of environmental pollution. The exploitation of this waste without preliminary treatment is very limited considering its toxicity for soils and plants. In Tunisia, 700,000 tons of OMWW, produced annually, are generating many types of pollution. They are dried in special basins and then put in heap to be used as compost while an important fraction of the product is poured directly in the natural channel.

It is within this framework that this work has been carried out aiming at finding new technologies or processes for the treatment and the valorization of this effluent. The spreading of Margines on sandy soil in Southern Tunisia represents an interesting alternative for this sewage.

The aim of this work is to assess the short term effect of OMWW (olive mill waste water) application on chemical soil properties. In fact, the application of 50 (T1), 100 (T2) and 200 (T3) m3/ha of this wastewater resulted in a significant improvement of soil fertility due to its richness in organic matter such as N and P.

Application of three doses: 50, 100 and 200 m3∙ha−1 of OMWW increased the soil electrical conductivity significantly with the increase of OMWW rates at the depth 0 - 25 cm. The pH variations were not detected during the experience. Furthermore, soil sodium, chlorides and sulfates values were substantially affected by OMWW salinity. The ratio C/N increased from 9.45 observed for the control sample to 12,91, 18,25 and 22,5, respectively, with the increase of OMWW rate in the top layer (0 - 25 cm). The both exchangeable and total potassium increased gradually with the OMWW application dose.

 

 


Keywords


OMWW, ratio C/N, pH, electrical conductivity, Sodium, Chloride, Sulfates, Total Potassium, Exchangeable Potassium.

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


A. López-Piñeiro, S. Murillo, C. Barreto, A. Muñoz, J.M. Rato, A. Albarrán, A. García, Changes in organic and matter residual effect of amendment with twophase olive-mill waste on degraded agricultural soils, Sci. Total Environ 378 (2007) 84-89.

A. López-Piñeiro, C. Silva, J.M. Nunes, M.A. Rozas, A. García, Effects of solid olive mill waste application on soil properties of irrigated olive grove, in: J.L. Rubio, et al. (Eds.), Man and Soil at the Third Millennium, Vol. 2, Geoforma, 2002, pp. 117-1123.

Ali. Mekki, Dhouib A, Sayadi S (2009) Evolution of several soil properties following, amendment with olive mill wastewater. Progr Nat Sci 19:1515–1521.

Ali Mekki*, Abdelhafidh Dhouib and Sami Sayadi.2013. . Review: Effects of olive mill wastewater application on soil properties and plants growth. International Journal Of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 2013, 2:15 content/2/1/15.

Achak M, Mandi L, Ouazzani N (2009) Removal of organic pollutants and nutrients from olive mill wastewater by a sand filter. J Environ Manage 90:2771–2779.

B. Ben Rouina, H. Taamallah, E. Ammar, Vegetation water used as a fertilizer on young olive plants, ISHS Acta Horticulturae 474 (1) (1999) 353-355.

C. Briccoli Bati, N. Lombardo, Effects of olive oil waste water irrigation on young olive plants, Acta Hort. 286 (1990) 489-491.

C. Garcia, M.T. Hernandez, F. Costa, B. Ceccanti, Biochemical parameters in soils regenerated by addition of organic wastes, Waste Manage. Res. 12 (1994) 457-466.

Bonari, E., Macchia, M., Angelini, L.G., Ceccarini, L., 1993. The waste waters from olive oil extraction: their influence on the germinative characteristics of some cultivated and weeds species. Agricultural Medicine 123, 273–280.

C.J. McNamara, C.C. Anastasiou, V. O’Flaherty, R. Mitchell, Bioremediation of olive mill wastewater, IntBio deter Biodegr 61 (2008) 127-134.

C. Paredes, J. Cegarra, A. Roig, M.A. Sánchez-Monedero, M.P. Bernal, Characterization of olive mill wastewater (alpechín) and its sludge for agricultural purposes, Biores Technol 67 (1999) 111-115.

Chartzoulakis, K., Psarras, G., Moutsopoulou, M. and Stefanoudaki, E. (2010) Application of Olive Wastewater to Cretan Olive Orchard: Effects on Soil Properties, Plant Performance and the Environment. Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment, 138, 293-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2010.05.014.

Chaari Leïla, Nada Elloumi, Salma Mseddi, Kamel Gargouri, Béchir Ben Rouina,Taher Mechichi, Monem Kallel.2015. Changes in Soil Macronutrients after a Long-Term Application of Olive Mill Wastewater. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 2015, 4, 1-13 Published Online February 2015 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jacen http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jacen.2015.41001.

Cabrera, F., Lo´ pez, R., Martinez-Bordiu´ , A., Dupuy de Lome, E., Murillo, J.M., 1996. Land treatment of olive oil mill wastewater. In: Kelley, J., Koestler, R.G., Sylvestre, M., Videla, H. (Eds.), Olive Oil Processes, and by-products recycling. International Biodeterioation & Biodegration 38, 215–225.

Dhouib A, Ellouz M, Aloui F, Sayadi S.2006. Effect of bioaugmentation of activated sludge with white-rot fungi on olive mill wastewater detoxification. Lett Appl Microbiol 42:405–411.

Di Bene, C., Pellegrino, E., Debolini, M., Silvestri, N. and Bonari, E. (2013) Short- and Long-Term Effects of Olive Mill Wastewater Land Spreading on Soil Chemical and Biological Properties. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 56, 21-

Dick, W.A., 1983. Organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus concentrations and pH in soil profiles as affected by tillage intensity. Soil Science Society of America Journal 47, 102–107.

Di Serio, M.G., Lanza, B., Mucciarella, M.R., Russi, F., Iannucci, E., Marfisi, P., Madeo, A. (2008). Effects of olive mill wastewater spreading on the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of soil. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 62, pp 403-407.

E. Madejón, P. Burgos, R. López, F. Cabrera, Agricultural use of three organic residues: Effect on orange production on properties of a soil of the Comarca Costa de Huelva (SW Spain), Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys 65 (2003) 281-288.

F. Lopez-Granados, M. Jurado-Exposito, S. Alamo, L. Garcia-Torres, Leafnutrient spatial variability and site specific fertilization maps within olive (Olea europea L.) ochards, Euro. J. Argon. 21 (2004) 209-222.

Fiestas Ros de Ursinos, J.A., Borja-Padilla, R., 1996. Biomethanization. In: Kelley, J., Koestler, R.G., Sylvestre, M., Videla, H. (Eds.), Olive Oil Processes, and by-products recycling. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 38, 145–153.

Foth, H.D. (1990) Chapter 12: Plant Soil Macronutrient Relations. In: Foth, H.D., Ed., Fundamental of Soil Science, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 186-209.

H. Taamallah, L’épandage des Margines en vergers d’oliviers une alternative pour la valorisation de cet effluent, Thèse de Doctorat, 2007. (in French).

J.A. Alburquerque, J. Gonzálvez, D. García, J. Cegarra, Effects of a compost made from the solid by-product (‘‘alperujo’’) of the two-phase centrifugation system for olive oil extraction and cotton gin waste on growth and nutrient content of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.), Bioresour. Technol. 98 (2007) 940-945.

Jarvis, S. C., Stockdale, E. A., Shepherd, M. A. and Powlson, D. S. 1996. Nitrogen mineralization in temperature agricultural soils: Processes and measurement. Adv. Agron. 57,187-235.

J. Kjeldahl, A new method for the determination of nitrogen in organic matter, Z. Analytical Chemistry 22 (1883) 366.

J. Sierra, E. Marti, M. Garau, R. Gruanas, Effects of the agronomic use of olive mill wastewater: Field experiment, Sci. Total Environ. 378 (2007) 90-94.

Kapellakis IE, Tsagarakis KP, Avramaki C .2006. Olive mill wastewater management in river basins: a case study in Greece. Agri Water Manag 82:354–370.

Kavvadias,V.,Doula, M.K., Komnitsas, K., Liakopoulou, N. (2010). Disposal of olive oil mill wastes in evaporation ponds: effects on soil properties. Journal of Hazardous Materials 182,pp 144-155.

IV. Plant nutrient elements. www.clemson.edu/agsrvlb/MajorElements.doc

M.J. Paredes, E. Moreno, A. Ramos-Cormenzana, et al., Characteristics of soil after pollution with waste waters from oil extraction plants, Chemosphere 16 (1987) 1557-1564.

M. Mahmoud, M. Janssen, S. Peth, R. Horn, B. Lennartz, Longterm impact of irrigation with olive mill wastewater on aggregate properties in the top soil, Soil and Till Res 124 (2012) 24-31.

Marsilio. V, L. Di Giovacchino, F. Di Giacomi, Contenuto e dinamica di metalli veicolati nel terreno con lo spargimento diacque di vegetazione delle olive, NIA Ricerche, November 2, 1991. (in French).

Mäser, P., Gierth, M. and Schroeder, J.I. (2002) Molecular Mechanisms of Potassium and Sodium Uptake in Plants.

Plant Soil, 247, 43-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021159130729.

Mechri, B., Cheheb, H., Boussadia, O., Attia, F., Ben Mariem, F., Braham, M. and Hammami, M. (2011) Effects of Agronomic Application of Olive Mill Wastewater in a Field of Olive Trees on Carbohydrate Profiles, Chlorophyll a Fluorescence and Mineral Nutrient Content. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 71, 184-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2010.12.004.

N. Senesi, C. Plaza, G. Brunetti, A. Polo, A comparative survey of recent results on humic-like fractions inorganic amendments and effects on native soil humic substances, Soil Biol. Biochem. 39 (2007) 1244e1262.

R. Altieri, M. Pepi, A. Esposito, G. Fontanazza, Chemical and microbiological characterization of olive-mill waste-based substrata produced by the O.Mi.By.P. technology and their grounds amendment, in: J. Benitez, (Ed.), Integrated Soil and Water Management for Orchard Development, Role and Importance, FAO Land and Water Bullettin, No. 10, Roma, 2005, pp. 91-100.

Raja Dakhli, Ridha Lamouri, Houcine Taamallah and Mohamed Ouessar.2013. Short Term Effects of Olive Mill Waste Water on Soil Chemical Properties under Semi Arid Mediterranean Conditions. Journal of Life Sciences, ISSN 1934-7391, USA. Vol. 7, No. 11, pp. 1209-1218

Raja Dakhlli. Thèse de doctorat -IRA-INAT.: Effet des margines sur les propriétés chimiques du sol et sur le rendement d’une culture d’orge en zones arides. 2015. pp. 95-99.

Sierra J, Marti E, Montserrat G, Cruanas R, Garau MA (2001) Characterization and evolution of a soil affected by olive oil mill wastewater disposal. Sci Total Environ 279:207–214.

Sierra, J., Marti, E., Garau, M. and Cruanas, A. (2007) Effects of the Agronomic Use of Olive Oil Mill Wastewater: Field Experiment. Science of the Total Environment, 378, 90-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.01.009.

Zenjari A, Nejmeddine A (2001). Impact of spreading olive mill wastewater on soil characteristics: laboratory experiments. Agronomie 21:749–755.

U. Tomati, E. Galli, F. Fiorelli, L. Pasetti, Fertilizers from compost of olive mill wastewater, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad.38 (3-4) (1996) 155-162

Zhang, F., Niu, J., Zhang, W., Chen, X., Li, C., Yuan, L. and Xie, J. (2010) Potassium Nutrition of Crops under Varied Regimes of Nitrogen Supply. Plant Soil, 335, 21-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0323-4.

Gupta, R.K. and Abrol, I.P. (1990) Salt-Affected Soils: Their Reclamation and Management.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/6400

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 raja DAKHLI dakhli

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License

Online ISSN 2281-4485

The journal is hosted and mantained by ABIS-AlmaDL. [privacy]