Laura Kusari


The river polluted by different discharges today is a worldwide growing concern. Due to human interactions and hydrological extreme events, the amount of total suspended solids in rivers is continuously changing. For river quality, the estimation of TSS is a must. The direct measurement of TSS requires frequent sampling, large suspension volume and is a very time consuming laboratory procedure. Therefore, the goal of the study was to develop a regression model that would enable the tracking of changes and predict TSS in rivers, through the measurement of turbidity. For this purpose, the grab samples were collected and then used for the preparation of subsamples in the laboratory. The results provided the necessary data for the establishment of a regression model. The relationship showed that there is a relation between turbidity and TSS, within the observed ranges, since the coefficient of determination is R2 = 0.8687. 


Total Suspended Solid; turbidity; regression model; sub samples; rivers; quality

Full Text:

PDF (English)


Christensen, V. et. al., (2002). Real –time water quality monitoring and regression analyses to estimate nutrient and bacteria concentrations in Kansas streams. Water Science and Technology.

Horowitz, A. J. (2008). Determining annual suspended sediment and sediment associated trace element and nutrient fluxes. The Science of Total Environment. Elsevier B. V., 400(1-3), 315-43

Islami, H. (2003). Demographic Dimension in Kosovo. State of the Environment Report, Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. Prishtina. Kosovo.

Kusari, L., (2012). Turbidity Measurements as a Surrogate to TSS in Urban River Reaches. The Fifth International Scientific Conference On Water, Climate and Environment. BALWOIS 2012. Ohrid. Macedonia.

Nasrabadi, T. et al. (2016). Using total suspended solids and turbidity as proxies for evaluation of metal transport in river water. Applied Geochemistry 68. Elsevier.

Packman, J. et. al. (1999). Using turbidity to determine total suspended solids in urbanizing streams in the Puget Lowlands; in Confronting Uncertainty: Managing Change in Water Resources and the Environment, Canadian Water Resources Association annual meeting, Vancouver, p. 158-1655.

Rugner, H. et .al. (2013). Turbidity as a proxy for total suspended solids (TSS) and particle facilitated pollutant transport in catchments. Environmental Earth Sciences. Vol. 69, Issue2, pp 373 -380.

Spatial Plan of Kosovo. (2010). Spatial Development Strategy 2010 - 2020+. Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. The Institute for Spatial Planning. Prishtina. Kosovo.

The State of Water in Kosovo – Report, (2010). Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency, Prishtina, Kosovo.

Ziegler, A. C., (2002). Issues related to use of turbidity measurements as a surrogate for suspended sediment. Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Workshop on Turbidity and Other Sediment Surrogates. U. S. Geological Survey, Reno, NV.

DOI: 10.6092/issn.2281-4485/6865


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Laura Kusari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License

Online ISSN 2281-4485

The journal is hosted and mantained by ABIS-AlmaDL. [privacy]