NEMATODE COOMUNITIES AS INDICATORS OF SOIL QUALITY IN VINEYARD SYSTEM: A CASE OF STUDY IN DEGRADED AREAS
Keywords:Free living nematodes, plant parasitic nematodes, dry mulching, green manure, compost
The restoring effect of selective agronomic strategies on optimal soil functionality of degraded areas within organic vineyard was evaluated using the nematode community as an indicator of soil quality. Three different restoring strategies were implemented in two organic farms located in Tuscany (Italy). The relative abundance of nematode trophic groups and the maturity index showed that the use of compost improved soil biological quality and increased the abundance of predators. Instead, dry mulching and green manure applications were useful to control the most dangerous nematodes of grapevines, namely the virus-vector Xiphinema index (Longidoridae).
ANDRET-LINK P., SCHMITT-KEICHINGER C., DEMANGEAT G., KOMAR V., FUCHS M. (2004). The specific transmission of Grapevine fanleaf virus by its nematode vector Xiphinema index is solely determined by the viral coat protein. Virology, 320 (1), 12-22.
BONGERS T. (1988). De Nematoden van Nederland. K.N.N.V., Utrecht, The Nederland.
BONGERS T. (1990). The maturity index: an ecological measure of environmental disturbance based on nematode species composition. Oecologia, 83, 14-19.
LANDI S., PENNACCHIO F., PAPINI R., D’ERRICO G., TORRINI G., STRANGI A., BARABASCHI D., ROVERSI P.F. (2014). Evaluation of sheep grazing effects on nematode community, insect infestation and soil fertility in sweet chestnut orchards: a case of study. Redia, XCIX, 117-126.
MAI W.F., LYON H.H. (1962). Pictorial Key to Genera of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Plates Reproduced by Art Craft of Ithaca, New York.
MALOSSINI U., IORIATTI C., MESCALCHIN E., VARNER M., GIACOMETTI R., D’ERRICO F.P., (2008). Nematofauna associated to grapevine in Trentino (Northern Italy). Redia, XCI, 147-150.
MARINARI-PALMISANO A., VINCIGUERRA M. (2014). Classificazione dei nematodi. In: Ambrogioni L., d’Errico F.P., Greco N.A., Marinari-Palmisano A., Roversi P.F. (Eds.), Nematologia Agraria generale e applicata. Società Italiana di Nematologia, Bari, pp. 23-42.
RAHMAN L., WHITELAW-WECKERT M.A., ORCHRD B. (2014). Impact of organic soil amendments, including poultry-litter biochar, on nematodes in a Riverina, New South Wales, vineyard. Soil research, 52, 604-619.
YEATES G.W., BONGERS T., DE GOEDE R., FRECKMAN D., GEORGIEVA S. (1993). Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera in outline for soil ecologists. J. Nematol., 25, 315-6331.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Silvia Landi, Giada d'Errico, Stefania Simoncini, Giovanni L'Abate, Simone Priori
Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.
Articles published since 2020 are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License:
Previous articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License: