SOIL FUNCTIONS AND EFFECTS OF SOIL EROSION. FIRST EVIDENCES FROM THE RESOLVE PROJECT
Keywords:soil quality, soil function, soil degradation, indicators, terroir, grape, wine.
The Resolve research project set up a multidisciplinary research work to evaluate the effects of possible errors in soil management during pre-planting and vineyard cultivation, leading to severe soil erosion. Different soil functionalities were considered, namely provision of grape yield and quality, water and nutrient supply, carbon sequestration, organic matter recycling, and soil biodiversity. The project involved 19 experimental organically farmed vineyards situated in Italy, France, Spain and Slovenia (wine grape), and in Turkey (table grape). The aim of the project was to understand the causes of soil malfunctioning and work out a proper strategy to restore soil fertility.
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